Bunions tend to appear at the base of your big toe joint and they appear to be a bony bump. The reality is that bunions are just a symptom of a progressive bone disorder.
One of the things that you may not know about bunions is that they usually develop because you have a structural problem in the bone of your toes and foot. The result of this condition is that your feet don’t line up properly.
While it depends from person to person, the truth is that bunions usually affect your big toe bone. As the bunion grows, your big toe will start to incline toward the second toe. When this occurs, the joint will stick out.
While bunions are more frequent in adults, adolescents can also have them.
What Causes Bunions?
According to many medical scientists, bunions are an inherent condition. They believe that you can inherit the one structure that leads to the development of bunions. However, this isn’t the only factor that causes bunions. Here are the most important ones:
– some types of arthritis like rheumatoid arthritis
– when your big toe moves more than usual due to foot injuries
– when you have a low arch or an uneven weight-bearing in the tendon and foot – overpronation. This can lead to an unstable toe joint.
– when your feet don’t develop well before birth
– when you suffer from specific conditions that affect both your muscles and nerves such as polio.
While you may have already heard that when you wear narrow shoes or high-heel shoes you are causing bunions to grow directly, this isn’t true. The reality is that when you wear these types of shoes, you may aggravate bunions that you already have as well as you may start developing bunions even though you have no genetic predisposition.
What Are Bunions Symptoms?
The most popular and known symptom of bunions is the bump that forms at the base of your big toe. Notice that bunions can also form at the base of your little toe but these aren’t so frequent.
However, there are other symptoms that you may notice. These are the most important ones:
– burning sensation
– soreness and pain
– hardened skin under your foot
– the presence of calluses or corns
– bump on the base of your affected toe
– swelling at the joint of your affected toe
– restriction when you move your affected toe
You should bear in mind that when you need to stand for a very long time, when you wear high heels, and when you wear narrow shoes, these can all aggravate your symptoms.
Bunions Can Lead To Serious Complications
The reality is that when most people notice they have a bunion, they just let it go. They don’t even try to do anything about it. However, there will be a point at which you will start to feel the pain and you may even experience some difficulty in walking. This is why you shouldn’t just leave bunions to stay as they are.
The reality is that you may suffer from some bunions complications that include:
– decreased mobility in your toes
– hammertoe, when your joint that is growing leads to pressure and pain
– swelling of the fluid-filled pads responsible for cushioning the bones, tendons, and muscles